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General Articles

General resource library covering topics ranging from installation through case studies on ESD flooring choices and problems.

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Anti-Static

(note that often ESD and anti-static are used interchangeably in this industry)

  • Anti-static 101
    Static electricity is generated by contact and separation. Any time two materials interact then separate, an exchange of electrons occurs between the two materials. If one or both materials are either nonconductive or insulated from ground, one or both retain a static charge...
  • Bare concrete and anti-static
    While bare concrete often exhibits antistatic (and dissipative or conductive) tendencies, these antistatic characteristics are not inherent in concrete, as they are in a carbon filled-material. The problem with designating concrete as "the ESD floor" is the uncertainty of its resistive properties...
  • How to Ground an ESD floor
    Grounding Conductive and Static Dissipative flooring to an AC electrical outlet is the easiest and most common grounding method.One copper grounding strip should be installed for every 1000 square feet of...
  • Carpet, anti-static
    Conductive fibers are woven into the yarn bundle, creating at least 100 contact points per square inch. These contact points provide a fast path to ground, to quickly and effectively remove static charges...
  • ESD Chairs
    Does it do any good to have ESD chairs if the floor is not anti static?
  • Choosing the Right Floor for Your Application
    Indepth and independent study results answering the questions: is anti static flooring really necessary, understanding charge generation, testing methods, and more...
  • Computer rooms and anti static flooring
    Installing anti static tile in computer rooms with information on grounding and adhesives in this application.
  • 7 Common Mistakes in Selecting Static Control Flooring
  • Conductive tile: how it works
    Graphical and basic information on how ESD / anti static tile works
  • ESD Flooring For Data Centers
    An invisible internal threat that is sometimes overlooked in designing mission critical environments, electrostatic discharge (ESD) can wreak havoc inside any mission-critical space.Anti static flooring can eliminate this internal threat...
  • Procedures for the design, analysis and auditing of static control flooring/footwear systems
    Electrostatic performance of footwear / flooring systems can be predicted with adequate precision based on component resistance data alone, and further to present resistance testing methodologies which are at once more relevant and more reproducible than most in common usage today. By Fowler, Klein, Fromm
  • Seven Mandatory Considerations Before Handling Class 0 ESDS Devices
    Older model electronic components were vulnerable to human body model (HBM) discharges of 100 V or greater; today's ultra-sensitive devices are vulnerable to charges as low as 20 V. According to the Electrostatic Discharge Association's Technology Roadmap, anti static sensitivity will continue increasing, by some estimates at least through 2010....
  • Epoxy, anti static, used in server room applications
    Is ESD / anti static epoxy the right choice for a small server room?
  • Facility Manager's Guide to ESD Flooring
    Many facilities managers agonize unnecessarily while attempting to choose the "right" anti-static flooring for their corporate environments. Because most high tech businesses house multiple processes, each with its own individual flooring requirement, satisfying every department can be a daunting, thankless challenge...
  • FAQ: anti static
  • Grounding wires to create an anti static environment
    In a typical office where antistatic tile floors are being installed, does the installation require grounding wires at all walls that go under the tile and then continue through the wall to some grounding metal?  A carpet company salesman told me it was necessary to have an electrician install the grounding wires.  Or is the adhesive adequate for antistatic tile floors?
  • Zero Downtime Installation
    Most ESD tile floor installations begin with the line item "remove old tile."  By itself, removing old tile is a fairly simple process that involves lifting the old tile, scraping the adhesive, and then filling a couple of dumpsters. But what happens if the old tile won't come up easily? Or what if the old tile turns out to be old vinyl asbestos composition tile (VAT)?
  • ESD Carpet Sensitivity: kV rating
    Late Model electronics are sensitive to static discharges of 2.0 kV. That means, the energy in a 2.0 V discharge will not interfere with the signals of older-model computers or PCs...
  • ESD Flooring 101
    Here are some key points to consider when helping your clients choose ESD/antistatic flooring and tile for labs, hospitals, electronics manufacturing and mission-critical spaces...
  • Choosing ESD Flooring For Electronics Handling and Manufacturing Applications
    Control of ESD is an important part of the manufacturing process for any electronics company, but prevention of static is considered by many to be an even more effective method to protect products from ESD damage...
  • ESD in an MRI Suite
    If the flooring in the MRI suite is only static dissipative and not a conductive product, it would not be unusual for people to generate static when they walk on that floor with ordinary footwear...
  • Choosing ESD Flooring for Mission-critical Spaces
    How anti static affects the modern workplace.
  • Procedures for the design, analysis and auditing of static control flooring/footwear systems (technical article)
    It is the purpose of this paper to show that the electrostatic performance of footwear/flooring systems, defined as the electrostatic potential of personnel arising out of the use of these systems, can be predicted with adequate precision based on component resistance data alone, and further to present resistance testing methodologies which are at once more relevant and more reproducible than most in common usage today. Conclusions, which are to a considerable extent a matter of opinion though based on hard data, suggest that inappropriately defined criteria and overly stringent specification are significant problems today to users, suppliers, and auditors.
  • Q&A with our anti static expert, Dave Long
    Answers to the most common questions in the anti static flooring industry including: How are floors made conductive?, How long do conductive properties last?, If something is antistatic, does that mean it will conduct electricity?, and more...
  • Standards
    From a customer: At a recent ESD conference, attendees were told that an ESD floor can have a maximum resistance of 1Ghom (1 billion ohms), as long as the voltage generated in the walking test does not exceed 100V. Could you please provide your input to the pros and cons for this seemingly excessive resistance to ground?
  • Static-cling
    The static cling or a shock after the simple slide of an office chair may be more serious than one may think. Even the smallest electrostatic discharge (ESD), under 25 volts (it takes 3,500 volts to give humans a shock), can render copy machines, computers, medical, and communications equipment inoperative. Is your office equipment trying to tell you something?
  • The Need for Due Diligence In Specifying ESD Floors
    Often, the most challenging and anxiety-inducing decisions buyers encounter in the course of creating a world-class electrostatic discharge (ESD), or anti static program, involves the selection of the ESD floor.
  • 8 Reasons Why ESD Programs Fail
    The eight most common reasons why anti static programs fail.

Budget

Case Studies

Cleanroom Applications

Data Center Applications

Mission Critical Applications

ESD Flooring

  • Smaller Electronic Devices Create Growing ESD Problems for 9-1-1 Call Centers and Other Mission-Critical Environments
    Latest Research Shows that Need Increases for Fault-Tolerant, Anti-Static Flooring
    By Dave Long, President & CEO, Staticworx
  • Buying ESD Flooring on the Internet: How to Protect Yourself
    By Dave Long, President & CEO, Staticworx
  • Anti-static 101
    Static electricity is generated by contact and separation. Any time two materials interact then separate, an exchange of electrons occurs between the two materials. If one or both materials are either nonconductive or insulated from ground, one or both retain a static charge...
  • Is Bare Concrete Static Safe?
    While bare concrete often exhibits antistatic (and dissipative or conductive) tendencies, these antistatic characteristics are not inherent in concrete, as they are in a carbon filled-material. The problem with designating concrete as "the ESD floor" is the uncertainty of its resistive properties...
  • How to Ground an ESD floor
    Grounding Conductive and Static Dissipative flooring to an AC electrical outlet is the easiest and most common grounding method.One copper grounding strip should be installed for every 1000 square feet of...
  • Choosing ESD Flooring for Electronics Handling and Manufacturing Applications
    If anti static flooring has not been properly evaluated—as part of an entire ESD/anti static system, with all environmental factors considered—it is possible that the floor will contribute to the very problems it is designed to eliminate...
  • Carpet, anti-static
    Conductive fibers are woven into the yarn bundle, creating at least 100 contact points per square inch. These contact points provide a fast path to ground, to quickly and effectively remove static charges...
  • ESD Chairs
    Does it do any good to have ESD chairs if the floor is not ESD?
  • Choosing the Right Floor for Your Application
    Indepth and independent study results answering the questions: is ESD flooring really necessary, understanding charge generation, testing methods, and more...
  • Computer rooms and ant static flooring
    Installing ESD tile in computer rooms with information on grounding and adhesives in this application.
  • 7 Common Mistakes in Selecting Static Control Flooring
  • Conductive tile: how it works
    Graphical and basic information on how ESD tile works
  • ESD Flooring For Data Centers
    An invisible internal threat that is sometimes overlooked in designing mission critical environments, electrostatic discharge (ESD) can wreak havoc inside any mission-critical space.ESD flooring can eliminate this internal threat...
  • Seven Mandatory Considerations Before Handling Class 0 ESDS Devices
    Older model electronic components were vulnerable to human body model (HBM) discharges of 100 V or greater; today's ultra-sensitive devices are vulnerable to charges as low as 20 V. According to the Electrostatic Discharge Association's Technology Roadmap, ESD sensitivity will continue increasing, by some estimates at least through 2010....
  • Epoxy, ESD, used in server room applications
    Is ESD epoxy the right choice for a small server room?
  • Facility Manager's Guide to ESD Flooring
    Many facilities managers agonize unnecessarily while attempting to choose the "right" anti-static flooring for their corporate environments. Because most high tech businesses house multiple processes, each with its own individual flooring requirement, satisfying every department can be a daunting, thankless challenge...
  • FAQ: ESD flooring questions answered
  • Grounding wires to create an ESD environment
    In a typical office where antistatic tile floors are being installed, does the installation require grounding wires at all walls that go under the tile and then continue through the wall to some grounding metal?  A carpet company salesman told me it was necessary to have an electrician install the grounding wires.  Or is the adhesive adequate for antistatic tile floors?
  • Zero Downtime Installation
    Most ESD tile floor installations begin with the line item "remove old tile."  By itself, removing old tile is a fairly simple process that involves lifting the old tile, scraping the adhesive, and then filling a couple of dumpsters. But what happens if the old tile won't come up easily? Or what if the old tile turns out to be old vinyl asbestos composition tile (VAT)?
  • ESD Carpet Sensitivity: kV rating
    Late Model electronics are sensitive to static discharges of 2.0 kV. That means, the energy in a 2.0 V discharge will not interfere with the signals of older-model computers or PCs...
  • ESD Flooring 101
    Here are some key points to consider when helping your clients choose ESD/antistatic flooring and tile for labs, hospitals, electronics manufacturing and mission-critical spaces...
  • Choosing ESD Flooring For Electronics Handling and Manufacturing Applications
    Control of ESD is an important part of the manufacturing process for any electronics company, but prevention of static is considered by many to be an even more effective method to protect products from ESD damage...
  • ESD in an MRI Suite
    If the flooring in the MRI suite is only static dissipative and not a conductive product, it would not be unusual for people to generate static when they walk on that floor with ordinary footwear...
  • Choosing ESD Flooring for Mission-critical Spaces
    How static affects the modern workplace.
  • Choosing ESD Flooring for Electronics Handling and Manufacturing Applications
    If ESD flooring has not been properly evaluated—as part of an entire ESD system, with all environmental factors considered—it is possible that the floor will contribute to the very problems it is designed to eliminate...
  • Procedures for the design, analysis and auditing of static control flooring/footwear systems (technical article)
    It is the purpose of this paper to show that the electrostatic performance of footwear/flooring systems, defined as the electrostatic potential of personnel arising out of the use of these systems, can be predicted with adequate precision based on component resistance data alone, and further to present resistance testing methodologies which are at once more relevant and more reproducible than most in common usage today. Conclusions, which are to a considerable extent a matter of opinion though based on hard data, suggest that inappropriately defined criteria and overly stringent specification are significant problems today to users, suppliers, and auditors.
  • Q&A with our ESD expert, Dave Long
    Answers to the most common questions in the ESD flooring industry including: How are floors made conductive?, How long do conductive properties last?, If something is antistatic, does that mean it will conduct electricity?, and more...
  • Standards
    From a customer: At a recent ESD conference, attendees were told that an ESD floor can have a maximum resistance of 1Ghom (1 billion ohms), as long as the voltage generated in the walking test does not exceed 100V. Could you please provide your input to the pros and cons for this seemingly excessive resistance to ground?
  • Static-cling
    The static cling or a shock after the simple slide of an office chair may be more serious than one may think. Even the smallest electrostatic discharge (ESD), under 25 volts (it takes 3,500 volts to give humans a shock), can render copy machines, computers, medical, and communications equipment inoperative. Is your office equipment trying to tell you something?
  • The Need for Due Diligence In Specifying ESD Floors
    Often, the most challenging and anxiety-inducing decisions buyers encounter in the course of creating a world-class electrostatic discharge (ESD) program, involves the selection of the ESD floor.
  • 8 Reasons Why ESD Programs Fail
    The eight most common reasons why ESD programs fail.

Moisture

  • Vapor in Concrete: A Guide to Preventing Moisture Problems
    Moisture vapor in concrete has always presented a problem for glue-down flooring systems, and the delamination of flooring due to moisture has costs architects, contractors, flooring contractors, and building owners untold millions.

  • Protecting ESD Floors from Moisture
    Static control floors should never be installed without first testing your concrete slab for possible moisture and alkalinity problems. Up front testing can prevent future problems and shutdowns due to failed flooring installations.

  • Insist on testing for moisture
    The majority of flooring failures occur because of elevated moisture and/or alkalinity levels in the substrate. Adhesive bonds may break, underlayments rot, floors warp...

  • Reducing bond failures due to moisture
    Clearly defined standards for surface preparation and cleanliness of steel have been established so coating adhesion and performance are predictable.

  • Moisture vapor barriers
    Vapor barriers have been associated with certain concrete slab-on-grade problems including curling and cracking. But they have also proven to be beneficial in reducing failures of moisture-sensitive flooring materials...

Static

Static Control

VSD's

  • Inappropriate use of VSDs
    If you don't pay sufficient attention to motor and impeller details before you decide to invest in VSDs, you could be pumping up your costs and draining your efficiency. See how a careful evaluation and new system curve...

Featured News Articles

This Jan. 2012 article compares rubber, vinyl and seamless poured epoxy ESD flooring based on cleanliness, ESD performance, installation logistics and total suitability.

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Specifying the right floor for sensitive environments requires not only knowledge of this phenomenon, but also the available products. by Dave Long

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As electronic devices get smaller and smaller, 9-1-1 Call centers and other mission-critical environments are at greater risk for ESD damage.

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