Warp to Woven Carpet
A weaving term for yarns in woven fabrics and carpets which run in the machine direction (or lengthwise).
Irregular random shading or pile reversal in cut pile carpet.
The original method for manufacturing carpet. In the weaving process, backing yarns are woven into a durable fabric while simultaneously face yarns are looped over wires and interlocked in the woven back.
Yarns which run widthwise in woven carpet interlacing with various warp yarns.
A type of woven carpet and the loom used to manufacture it.
Parts of carpet weaving looms composed of thin metal rods or blades on which the pile tufts are formed. Round wires and cut wires are identical in shape. The cut wire has a small knife blade at the end and, as it is withdrawn, it cuts the yarn looped over it to form cut pile.
The original carpet fiber. Wool is noted for its versatility, excellent dyeability, luxurious feel and relatively high cost.
Spinning method which produces bulky, hairy yarn, usually used for wool yarns. A series of cards, or large cylinders with comb-like teeth, straighten the fibers into a paralleled fiber webbing. This webbing is blended with other webbing, then spun into yarn.
Made of long staple carpet fiber and combed to parallel the fiber and remove the extremely short fibers.
A tufted carpet term for primary or secondary backing manufactured by the weaving process. Usually secondary backings are woven jute or woven polypropylene.
Carpet produced on a loom. Warp pile yarns intertwine with wires and backing yarns called warp yarns. These yarns are locked in with the weft yarns. Warp stuffer yarns are included to provide extra stability. Weaving is a slower, more expensive, labor-intensive fabrication method than tufting. Woven carpet is distinguished by intricate patterns and tailored, controlled textures.
Carpet Industry Terms and Glossary
For your convenience, the following are terms and definitions relating to carpet manufacturing.